Projects and References

Ongoing projects:

2017 - 2018, Federal Environment Agency as part of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety

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The European Union has set itself the target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80 to 95 % by 2050 compared to 1990 levels. Decisions taken by the European Council have repeatedly confirmed this target and the Paris Agreement signed in December 2015 has accorded it new importance: It not only limits the temperature increase to significantly below 2 °C, indeed to below 1 °C if at all possible, but also sets the objective of net global decarbonisation in the second half of the 21st century. The major challenge in the near future is to advance the implementation of these goals.
The “Low-Carbon Europe 2050” project develops a target scenario for a decarbonised Europe – defined as achieving 95 % greenhouse gas reduction compared to 1990. Technical decarbonisation options are analysed against the backdrop of specific regional framework conditions including all the sectors with relevant emissions and a description is given of how to achieve decarbonisation in technical terms. Alongside a detailed analysis of individual topics, the study focuses on systemic questions in particular:
• What are the challenges and opportunities when regarding Europe as a whole?
• What potentials are there for sector coupling?
• What role do synthetic energy sources play such as hydrogen or hydrocarbons produced using renewable electricity?
The developed scenario’s results and reduction measures in the individual sectors (levers) are incorporated into the already existing scenarios at EU level and at the level of individual member states.

Import options for fuel produced from RES for their use in the transport sector

01.08.2017 - 30.06.2018, Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure

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To completely decarbonize the transport sector, the use of gasified or liquid fuels produced from renewables seems to be necessary. Since the renewable potentials in Germany may not be sufficient for that, this project aims at identifying and describing potential locations for a production of such fuels and its import to Europe. These fuels shall mainly be used in the heavy duty vehicle, shipping and aviation sector.

14.11.2016 - 10.01.2020, r2b energy consulting GmbH

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The objective is to define and monitor the security of supply at the electricity markets between 2017 and 2019.

15.10.2016 - 30.09.2019, Federal Ministry of Education and Research


With the Energiewende or energy transition, Germany has set itself the goal of transforming the current energy system into a largely CO2-free and renewable energy based system. An economic, environmentally compatible, reliable and socially acceptable energy system requires a holistic view on the system level. ENavi therefore sees the energy transition as a whole-society transformation process and links scientific analyzes with socio-political requirements. The analysis of measures across different model regions additionally supports a better understanding of the success factors for the conversion of the energy system.

Energy system analysis DESK

23.09.2016 - 31.05.2019, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

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The aim of the project is to analyse the impact of decarbonising the energy system through the use of renewable energies in the heat, mobility and industry sector in combination with a shutdown of power plants on the security of supply in Southern Germany.

01.06.2016 - 31.05.2019, Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy

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The aim of the project is to analyse the security of supply especially in context of the shutdown of nuclear power plants and the rising but fluctuating share of renewable energies in the electricity mix in southern Germany for the upcoming years. The analysis considers the evolution of the European electricity market and the introduction of capacity mechanisms in neighbouring countries. These trends have a major impact on the development of the inner-German and regional power plant capacities.

The project’s objective is to analyse flexibility options (especially more flexible electricity demand) more comprehensively as part of energy system models, and to be able to evaluate the potential contribution of different consumer groups to integrating renewable energy sources into electricity markets and networks. The analysis should consider both market- and grid-related aspects and their mutual dependencies to determine the system-wide benefits of more flexible loads on the one hand and the revenue potentials for different consumer groups on the other hand. 

01.01.2016 - 30.06.2018, Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Arbeit und Wohnungsbau Baden- Württemberg


The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and the Fraunhofer institutes ICT, ISOB, ISI and IWM, Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences, and the FZI Research Center for Information Technology are working together to establish a profile region for mobility systems. This will strengthen their common goal of developing Karlsruhe into a clearly visible centre for mobility research. This further advances a development that can already build on preliminary groundwork and existing structures, but that has been missing its own institutional framework up to now. Establishing a profile region is intended to put Karlsruhe firmly on the map both nationally and internationally as an important location for the research, implementation and teaching of mobility concepts and make it even more attractive to top researchers, students and companies.

Completed projects:

01.10.2015 - 31.12.2016, Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure

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This study aims at showing the usability and market potentials for hybrid trolley trucks. The necessary infrastructure, market potentials, ecological benefits as well as business models are determined.

01.10.2015 - 31.10.2016, Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure

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The objective is to show the research needed on fuel cell-powered HGVs in the near future. The research status will be determined by analysing patents and publications. The HGV market will be analysed in detail, the potentials listed for using FC-HGVs and the need for research and development derived from this. Because this project is part of the MKS, it is coordinated with other projects in the group.

01.01.2013 - 30.06.2016, Schaufenster Elektromobilität

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Operator model for electric fleets in Stuttgart as part of the "Schaufenster Elektromobilität" programme.

08.09.2011 - 31.12.2015, Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure


The Fraunhofer Innovation Cluster REM 2030 deals with the development and evaluation of integrated concepts for efficient regional mobility of individuals based on integrated system approaches.

01.01.2013 - 30.11.2015, Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Arbeit und Wohnungsbau Baden- Württemberg


Examining the impacts of the increased market penetration of electric mobility in Baden-Württemberg, focusing on the potentials for reducing environmental pollution, the load on the grids in urban distribution network structures and the economic assessment of mobile and stationary storage concepts.

01.11.2012 - 30.09.2015, Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Arbeit und Wohnungsbau Baden- Württemberg


A representative and market-oriented study was conducted to identify diffusion possibilities for electric mobility in   Baden-Württemberg taking potential user groups into account. Existing mobility characteristics of current transport users were analysed across different mobility modes in order to identify promising first user groups whose utilisation patterns are potentially a good match for electric vehicles. In parallel, possible ways to enter the market were developed specifically for the identified groups. The integrated and market-oriented approach means the results can be utilised in concrete political and economic terms and thus contributes directly to the objective of supporting opportunities and ways to help the spread of electric mobility in Baden-Württemberg.

01.02.2013 - 16.04.2014, acatech - Deutsche Akademie der Technikwissenschaften e. V.  & Nationale Plattform Elektromobilität (AP7)

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This study addresses the question: What share of the market can electric vehicles be expected to have in Germany by 2020? The economic potential of electric vehicles is ascertained by taking several thousand real driving profiles of conventional vehicles into account and technical and economic data for different scenarios. Factors hindering the diffusion of electric vehicles such as their limited range and the limited choice of model wer integrated as are promoting factors such as the willingness to pay more for an innovative technology.

Results not open to public:

Volkswagen AG

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Market evolution scenarios for plug-in electric vehicles.

01.03.2011 - 31.11.2012, Energie Baden-Württemberg AG


Scientific Support for the EnBW project "Wir machen  Baden-Württemberg E-mobil“.

16.03.2015 - 15.05.2015, Energie Baden-Württemberg AG


Market evolution scenarios for plug-in electric vehicles.

18.01.2017 - 24.02.2017, Energie Baden-Württemberg AG


Market evolution scenarios for plug-in electric vehicles.

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